PHPMailer / PHPMailer 修改

PHP 邮件发送工具  邮件发送php库 修改

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PHPMailer

PHPMailer是一个用于发送电子邮件的PHP函数包。

特色

  • 可能是使用PHP发送邮件工具库中最受欢迎的
  • 被很多开源项目采用:WordPress, Drupal, 1CRM, SugarCRM, Yii, Joomla ...
  • 支持SMTP -- 不需要通过本地邮件服务器
  • 在发送邮时指定多个收件人,抄送地址,暗送地址和回复地址
  • 支持多种邮件编码包括:8bit,base64,binary和quoted-printable
  • 支持带附件的邮件和Html格式的邮件
  • 自定义邮件头
  • 支持SMTP验证
  • 支持在邮件中嵌入图片
  • 调试灵活
  • 经测试兼容的SMTP服务器包括:Sendmail,qmail,Postfix,Imail,Exchange等
  • 可运行在任何平台之上

简单示例

<?php
require 'PHPMailerAutoload.php';

$mail = new PHPMailer;

//$mail->SMTPDebug = 3;                               // Enable verbose debug output

$mail->isSMTP();                                      // Set mailer to use SMTP
$mail->Host = 'smtp1.example.com;smtp2.example.com';  // Specify main and backup SMTP servers
$mail->SMTPAuth = true;                               // Enable SMTP authentication
$mail->Username = 'user@example.com';                 // SMTP username
$mail->Password = 'secret';                           // SMTP password
$mail->SMTPSecure = 'tls';                            // Enable TLS encryption, `ssl` also accepted
$mail->Port = 587;                                    // TCP port to connect to

$mail->setFrom('from@example.com', 'Mailer');
$mail->addAddress('joe@example.net', 'Joe User');     // Add a recipient
$mail->addAddress('ellen@example.com');               // Name is optional
$mail->addReplyTo('info@example.com', 'Information');
$mail->addCC('cc@example.com');
$mail->addBCC('bcc@example.com');

$mail->addAttachment('/var/tmp/file.tar.gz');         // Add attachments
$mail->addAttachment('/tmp/image.jpg', 'new.jpg');    // Optional name
$mail->isHTML(true);                                  // Set email format to HTML

$mail->Subject = 'Here is the subject';
$mail->Body    = 'This is the HTML message body <b>in bold!</b>';
$mail->AltBody = 'This is the body in plain text for non-HTML mail clients';

if(!$mail->send()) {
    echo 'Message could not be sent.';
    echo 'Mailer Error: ' . $mail->ErrorInfo;
} else {
    echo 'Message has been sent';
}

以下内容来自PHPMailerREADME.md文件

PHPMailer

PHPMailer - A full-featured email creation and transfer class for PHP

Build status: Build Status Scrutinizer Quality Score Code Coverage

Latest Stable Version Total Downloads Latest Unstable Version License

Class Features

  • Probably the world's most popular code for sending email from PHP!
  • Used by many open-source projects: WordPress, Drupal, 1CRM, SugarCRM, Yii, Joomla! and many more
  • Integrated SMTP support - send without a local mail server
  • Send emails with multiple TOs, CCs, BCCs and REPLY-TOs
  • Multipart/alternative emails for mail clients that do not read HTML email
  • Support for UTF-8 content and 8bit, base64, binary, and quoted-printable encodings
  • SMTP authentication with LOGIN, PLAIN, NTLM, CRAM-MD5 and Google's XOAUTH2 mechanisms over SSL and TLS transports
  • Error messages in 47 languages!
  • DKIM and S/MIME signing support
  • Compatible with PHP 5.0 and later
  • Much more!

Why you might need it

Many PHP developers utilize email in their code. The only PHP function that supports this is the mail() function. However, it does not provide any assistance for making use of popular features such as HTML-based emails and attachments.

Formatting email correctly is surprisingly difficult. There are myriad overlapping RFCs, requiring tight adherence to horribly complicated formatting and encoding rules - the vast majority of code that you'll find online that uses the mail() function directly is just plain wrong! Please don't be tempted to do it yourself - if you don't use PHPMailer, there are many other excellent libraries that you should look at before rolling your own - try SwiftMailer, Zend_Mail, eZcomponents etc.

The PHP mail() function usually sends via a local mail server, typically fronted by a sendmail binary on Linux, BSD and OS X platforms, however, Windows usually doesn't include a local mail server; PHPMailer's integrated SMTP implementation allows email sending on Windows platforms without a local mail server.

License

This software is distributed under the LGPL 2.1 license. Please read LICENSE for information on the software availability and distribution.

Installation & loading

PHPMailer is available via Composer/Packagist (using semantic versioning), so just add this line to your composer.json file:

"phpmailer/phpmailer": "~5.2"

or

composer require phpmailer/phpmailer

If you want to use the Gmail XOAUTH2 authentication class, you will also need to add a dependency on the league/oauth2-client package.

Alternatively, copy the contents of the PHPMailer folder into one of the include_path directories specified in your PHP configuration. If you don't speak git or just want a tarball, click the 'zip' button at the top of the page in GitHub.

If you're not using composer's autoloader, PHPMailer provides an SPL-compatible autoloader, and that is the preferred way of loading the library - just require '/path/to/PHPMailerAutoload.php'; and everything should work. The autoloader does not throw errors if it can't find classes so it prepends itself to the SPL list, allowing your own (or your framework's) autoloader to catch errors. SPL autoloading was introduced in PHP 5.1.0, so if you are using a version older than that you will need to require/include each class manually.

PHPMailer does not declare a namespace because namespaces were only introduced in PHP 5.3.

If you want to use Google's XOAUTH2 authentication mechanism, you need to be running at least PHP 5.4, and load the dependencies listed in composer.json.

Minimal installation

While installing the entire package manually or with composer is simple, convenient and reliable, you may want to include only vital files in your project. At the very least you will need class.phpmailer.php. If you're using SMTP, you'll need class.smtp.php, and if you're using POP-before SMTP, you'll need class.pop3.php. For all of these, we recommend you use the autoloader too as otherwise you will either have to require all classes manually or use some other autoloader. You can skip the language folder if you're not showing errors to users and can make do with English-only errors. You may need the additional classes in the extras folder if you are using those features, including NTLM authentication and ics generation. If you're using Google XOAUTH2 you will need class.phpmaileroauth.php and class.oauth.php classes too, as well as the composer dependencies.

A Simple Example

<?php
require 'PHPMailerAutoload.php';

$mail = new PHPMailer;

//$mail->SMTPDebug = 3;                               // Enable verbose debug output

$mail->isSMTP();                                      // Set mailer to use SMTP
$mail->Host = 'smtp1.example.com;smtp2.example.com';  // Specify main and backup SMTP servers
$mail->SMTPAuth = true;                               // Enable SMTP authentication
$mail->Username = 'user@example.com';                 // SMTP username
$mail->Password = 'secret';                           // SMTP password
$mail->SMTPSecure = 'tls';                            // Enable TLS encryption, `ssl` also accepted
$mail->Port = 587;                                    // TCP port to connect to

$mail->setFrom('from@example.com', 'Mailer');
$mail->addAddress('joe@example.net', 'Joe User');     // Add a recipient
$mail->addAddress('ellen@example.com');               // Name is optional
$mail->addReplyTo('info@example.com', 'Information');
$mail->addCC('cc@example.com');
$mail->addBCC('bcc@example.com');

$mail->addAttachment('/var/tmp/file.tar.gz');         // Add attachments
$mail->addAttachment('/tmp/image.jpg', 'new.jpg');    // Optional name
$mail->isHTML(true);                                  // Set email format to HTML

$mail->Subject = 'Here is the subject';
$mail->Body    = 'This is the HTML message body <b>in bold!</b>';
$mail->AltBody = 'This is the body in plain text for non-HTML mail clients';

if(!$mail->send()) {
    echo 'Message could not be sent.';
    echo 'Mailer Error: ' . $mail->ErrorInfo;
} else {
    echo 'Message has been sent';
}

You'll find plenty more to play with in the examples folder.

That's it. You should now be ready to use PHPMailer!

Localization

PHPMailer defaults to English, but in the language folder you'll find numerous (46 at the time of writing!) translations for PHPMailer error messages that you may encounter. Their filenames contain ISO 639-1 language code for the translations, for example fr for French. To specify a language, you need to tell PHPMailer which one to use, like this:

// To load the French version
$mail->setLanguage('fr', '/optional/path/to/language/directory/');

We welcome corrections and new languages - if you're looking for corrections to do, run the phpmailerLangTest.php script in the tests folder and it will show any missing translations.

Documentation

Examples of how to use PHPMailer for common scenarios can be found in the examples folder. If you're looking for a good starting point, we recommend you start with the Gmail example.

There are tips and a troubleshooting guide in the GitHub wiki. If you're having trouble, this should be the first place you look as it's the most frequently updated.

Complete generated API documentation is available online.

You'll find some basic user-level docs in the docs folder, and you can generate complete API-level documentation using the generatedocs.sh shell script in the docs folder, though you'll need to install PHPDocumentor first. You may find the unit tests a good source of how to do various operations such as encryption.

If the documentation doesn't cover what you need, search the many questions on Stack Overflow, and before you ask a question about "SMTP Error: Could not connect to SMTP host.", read the troubleshooting guide.

Tests

There is a PHPUnit test script in the test folder.

Build status: Build Status

If this isn't passing, is there something you can do to help?

Security

Please disclose any vulnerabilities found responsibly - report any security problems found to the maintainers privately.

PHPMailer versions prior to 5.2.14 (released November 2015) are vulnerable to CVE-2015-8476 an SMTP CRLF injection bug permitting arbitrary message sending.

PHPMailer versions prior to 5.2.10 (released May 2015) are vulnerable to CVE-2008-5619, a remote code execution vulnerability in the bundled html2text library. This file was removed in 5.2.10, so if you are using a version prior to that and make use of the html2text function, it's vitally important that you upgrade and remove this file.

See SECURITY for older security issues.

Contributing

Please submit bug reports, suggestions and pull requests to the GitHub issue tracker.

We're particularly interested in fixing edge-cases, expanding test coverage and updating translations.

With the move to the PHPMailer GitHub organisation, you'll need to update any remote URLs referencing the old GitHub location with a command like this from within your clone:

git remote set-url upstream https://github.com/PHPMailer/PHPMailer.git

Please don't use the SourceForge or Google Code projects any more.

Sponsorship

Development time and resources for PHPMailer are provided by Smartmessages.net, a powerful email marketing system.

Smartmessages email marketing

Other contributions are gladly received, whether in beer

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